|Internet Frequently Asked Questions|
Q: What is the Internet, anyways?
A: "The Federal Networking Council (FNC) agrees that the following language reflects our definition of the term "Internet". "Internet" refers to the global information system that --
The internet consists of many different aspects. The ones that you may be familiar with or will use most often are: Web Browsing, Sending E-Mail, Chat, and Participating in discussion Groups.
Q: What is the World Wide Web (WWW)?
A: One of the spaces in which Internet is subdivided (shortly defined WWW or Web). Its permits to establish hypertext connections among documents kept in memory on computers, also different, called Web servers. In this way during the consultation a user can pass from a document to the other without taking care of the place where the respective servers physically are. The protocol for this aim is HTTP. The WWW documents are usually called pages; and can contain both text and graphics, the whole co-ordinate by a specific language, called HTML, codifying the different objects. The reading program is called browser;. A connection present on a Web page can also point, besides another document, at a file in any shape (images, audio, video, and so on); at the "click" of the mouse it will be automatically reproduced or by the browser or by external applications. The World Wide Web was born in 1991 of the European Committee for Nuclear Research (the Italian CERN) laboratory in Geneva, as a tool by which scientists could easily divide the results of their researches. The three main components of World Wide Web are hypertexts, Internet and multimedia contents of documents.
Q: What programs can I use to browse the WWW?
A: There are 2 main programs out there that may be used to browse the internet. The first is distributed by Microsoft and is called the Microsoft Internet Explorer. This program comes with most versions of Windows 95 but can be downloaded for either Windows 3.1x or Windows 95 from http://www.microsoft.com. The other option is Netscape Navigator. This program can be downloaded for many different operating systems including Windows 3.1x, Windows 95, UNIX, Linux, Solaris, and many others at http://home.netscape.com.
Q: I keep hearing about a 'PPP' connection. What is it?
A: PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) is a communications protocol used to transmit network data over telephone lines. It allows you to connect your computer to the Internet itself, rather than logging on through an Internet Service Provider's host computer and using UNIX commands through a shell. This type of connection lets you communicate directly with other computers on the network using TCP/IP connections. It is part of the TCP/IP suite of programs necessary to connect to and use the Internet.
With KansasNet, you are using either PPP or SLIP to make your connection to the Internet. PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) is rapidly replacing SLIP (Serial Line Internet Protocol) as the more common standard. Where as SLIP is easy to install and to use, it does not provide error correction or certain negotiation features that are built into PPP.
Q: What is 'TCP/IP'?
A: Stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. This is the language governing communications between all computers on the Internet. TCP/IP is a set of instructions that dictates how packets of information are sent across multiple networks. Also included is a built-in error-checking capability to ensure that data packets arrive at their final destination in the proper order.
IP, or Internet Protocol, is the specification that determines where packets are routed to, based on their destination address. TCP, or Transmission Control Protocol, makes sure that the packets arrive correctly at their destination address. If TCP determines that a packet was not received, it will try to re-send the packet until it is received properly.
You must be running TCP/IP to have full Internet access. In Unix, TCP/IP is a part of the operating system. In the DOS and Windows world, the functionality of TCP/IP is handled by Winsock. This piece of software takes care of your TCP/IP configuration information. On a Mac, you would use Apple's TCP/IP.
Q: What is Email?
A: Email is a way for people to communicate between each other almost instantly over the internet. Email is similar to mailing a letter to someone, however the person can receive the letter almost instantly, therefore making the communication much faster and easier. With email, you can also attach files that may be pictures, text, or almost any other form of media.
Q: Do I have an email address?
Q: What programs can I use to check email?
A: There are many programs out there that you can use. The software we provide for Windows 3.1x comes with it's own Windows mail program. Modern versions of Windows already have a built-in email program called Outlook Express. You might also choose to use a different email program such as Netscape Mail, Lotus Notes, or Outlook 2002. You can download various email programs from the internet, however the email clients we mentioned above such as Microsoft Outlook and Outlook Express are trusted and tried programs. Please visit our downloads section for possible email client downloads.
You can also check your internet from anywhere in the world where you have internet access by visiting KansasNet's Webmail site.
Q: What is a URL?
A: URL is an acronym for Uniform Resource Locator. URL is the address for a resource or site (usually a directory or file) on the World Wide Web and the convention that web browsers use for locating files and other remote services.
The first part of a URL tells you the type of resource (or method of access) at that address.
The second part of a URL is typically the address of the computer where the data or service is located. Additional parts may specify the names of files, the port to connect to, or the text to search for in a database. The second part of a URL is typically the address of the computer where the data or service is located. Additional parts may specify the names of files, the port to connect to, or the text to search for in a database.
Here are a couple of other important things to remember about URLs:
Q: What does HTTP stand for?
A: HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- the method by which hypertext files are transferred across the Internet. Let's examine these terms one at a time. "Hypertext" was coined by Ted Nelson in 1965 to mean "text which is not constrained to be linear." When used with the web, it is text that is linked to something else. When you click on a word and you are shown another page (or a sound file or a picture), you are using hypertext. Hypertext allows you to jump around between files, following your own interests and train of thought. World Wide Web pages written in HTML use hypertext to link to other documents.
Hypertext transfer is simply the transfer of hypertext files from computer to computer. When you are reading a hypertext document, say, at the Library of Congress site, you can click on a link that takes you to the NASA page. Of course, you haven't actually gone anywhere. A document simply has been transferred from NASA's computer to your computer, across the Internet.
Q: I keep hearing about 'cookies'. What are they?
A: A cookie is a file sent to a web browser by a web server that is used to record one's activities on a website. For instance, when you buy items from a site and place them in a so-called virtual shopping cart, that information is stored in the cookie. When the browser requests additional files, the cookie information is sent back to the server. Cookies can remember other kinds of personal information --your password, so you don't have to re-enter it each time you visit the site; your preferences, so the next time you return to a site, you can be presented with customized information. Some people regard cookies as an invasion of privacy; others think they are a harmless way to make websites more personal.
Q: What is 'cache'?
A: When you download a web page, the data is cached, meaning it is stored temporarily on your computer. The next time you want that page, instead of requesting the file from the web server, your web browser just accesses it from the cache. That way, the page loads quickly. But if the web page is updated frequently, as may be the case with news, sports scores or financial data, you won't get the most current information. By using the Reload button on your browser, this timely data is updated by downloading fresh data from the server.
Q: What is IRC?
A: An acronym for Internet Relay Chat, a program that allows you to carry on "live" conversations with people all over the world by typing messages back and forth across the Internet. You can talk in groups or in private with only one person. IRC consists of "channels," which usually are devoted to specific topics. Anyone can create a "channel" and any message typed in a given channel is seen by all others in the channel.
Q: What are newsgroups?
A: Electronic discussion groups consisting of collections of related postings (also called articles) on a particular topic that are posted to a news server which then distributes them to other participating servers. There are thousands of newsgroups covering a wide range of subjects. You must subscribe to a newsgroup in order to participate in it or to track the discussion on an on-going basis. Unlike with a magazine or newspaper, subscribing to a newsgroup does not cost anything.
Q: What programs can I use to read newsgroups?
A: There are a variety of programs available for reading newsgroups, however if you have a modern version of windows then you probably already have Outlook Express which you can use. You may be able to find other newsreader programs in our downloads section.
Q: What is SPAM?
A: Spam is unsolicited bulk email or inappropriate material posted to one or more Usenet News groups. Spam or spamming is prohibited. Any person that sends SPAM email or spams a newsgroup from KansasNet will be terminated. Unfortunately this course of action is necessary because when a user spams, our system administrators have to answer many complaint emails about the incident.
Q: What is FTP?
A: An acronym for File Transfer Protocol -- a very common method of transferring one or more files from one computer to another. FTP is a specific way to connect to another Internet site to retrieve and send files. FTP was developed in the early days of the Internet to copy files from computer to computer. With the advent of the World Wide Web, and web browser software, you no longer need to know arcane FTP commands to copy to and from other computers. In your browser, you can use FTP by typing the URL into the location box at the top of your screen. For example: ftp://name.of.site/directory/filename.zip will transfer filename.zip to your computer's hard disk. You can also use ftp://name.of.site/directory/ which will give you a listing of all the files available in that directory.
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 02 March 2011 20:01|